The first example showed us the very basics of lua and allowed us to check that everything was working properly. Now let’s do something a little bit more complex. Let’s try to print a list of images that have a “red” label attached to them. But first of all, what is an image?
local Ansel = require "Ansel" local debug = require "Ansel.debug" print(Ansel.debug.dump(Ansel.database))
Running the code above will produce a lot of output. We will look at it in a moment, but first let’s look at the code itself.
We know about
require Ansel. Here, we need to separately
require Ansel.debug which is an optional section of the API that provides helper functions to help debug lua scripts.
Ansel.database is a table provided by the API that contains all images in the library database. Each entry in the database is an image object. Image objects are complex objects that allow you to manipulate your image in various ways (all documented in the
types_dt_lua_image_t section of the API manual). To display our images, we use
Ansel.debug.dump which is a function that will take anything as its parameter and recursively dump its content. Since images are complex objects that indirectly reference other complex objects, the resulting output is huge. Below is a cut down example of the output.
toplevel (userdata,dt_lua_image_t) : /images/100.JPG publisher (string) : "" path (string) : "/images" move (function) exif_aperture (number) : 2.7999999523163 rights (string) : "" make_group_leader (function) exif_crop (number) : 0 duplicate_index (number) : 0 is_raw (boolean) : false exif_iso (number) : 200 is_ldr (boolean) : true rating (number) : 1 description (string) : "" red (boolean) : false get_tags (function) duplicate (function) creator (string) : "" latitude (nil) blue (boolean) : false exif_datetime_taken (string) : "2014:04:27 14:10:27" exif_maker (string) : "Panasonic" drop_cache (function) title (string) : "" reset (function) create_style (function) apply_style (function) film (userdata,dt_lua_film_t) : /images 1 (userdata,dt_lua_image_t): .toplevel [......] exif_exposure (number) : 0.0062500000931323 exif_lens (string) : "" detach_tag (function): toplevel.film.2.detach_tag exif_focal_length (number) : 4.5 get_group_members (function): toplevel.film.2.get_group_members id (number) : 1 group_with (function): toplevel.film.2.group_with delete (function): toplevel.film.2.delete purple (boolean) : false is_hdr (boolean) : false exif_model (string) : "DMC-FZ200" green (boolean) : false yellow (boolean) : false longitude (nil) filename (string) : "100.JPG" width (number) : 945 attach_tag (function): toplevel.film.2.attach_tag exif_focus_distance (number) : 0 height (number) : 648 local_copy (boolean) : false copy (function): toplevel.film.2.copy group_leader (userdata,dt_lua_image_t): .toplevel
As we can see, an image has a large number of fields that provide all sort of information about it. Here, we are interested in the “red” label. This field is a boolean, and the documentation tells us that it can be written. We now just need to find all images with that field and print them out:
Ansel = require "Ansel" for _,v in ipairs(Ansel.database) do if v.red then print(tostring(v)) end end
This code should be quite simple to understand at this point, but it contains a few interesting aspects of lua that are worth highlighting:
ipairsis a standard lua function that will iterate through all numeric indices of a table. We use it here because Ansel’s database has non-numeric indices which are functions to manipulate the database itself (adding or deleting images, for example).
Iterating through a table will return both the key and the value used. It is conventional in lua to use a variable named “
_” to store values that we don’t care about.
Note that we use the standard lua function
tostringhere and not the Ansel-specific
Ansel.debug.dump. The standard function will return a name for the object whereas the debug function will print the content. The debug function would be too verbose here. Once again, it is a great debug tool but it should not be used for anything else.